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Spot Bitcoin’s Highs & Lows: Beginner’s Guide to On-Chain Metrics

by Tatjana
4 minutes read

Spotting Bitcoin’s Highs and Lows: A Beginner’s Guide to On-Chain Metrics

Imagine this: In 2017, everyone was excited about Bitcoin because its price hit $16,000. Fast forward to 2022, Bitcoin hits $16,000 again, but this time people are worried. Why the difference? The secret lies in something called “on-chain metrics.” These metrics track what’s happening on the Bitcoin network, giving clues about investor sentiment and where the price might be headed.

This article will introduce you to three of the most popular on-chain metrics: Net Unrealized Profit/Loss (NUPL), Puell Multiple, and MVRV Z-Score. We’ll also explore a bonus metric called Advanced NVT Signal. By understanding these metrics, you’ll be better equipped to navigate the ups and downs of the Bitcoin market.

What are On-Chain Metrics?

On-chain metrics are like detective work for the Bitcoin world. They analyze information stored directly on the Bitcoin blockchain, the public ledger that records every Bitcoin transaction. This information includes things like when a Bitcoin was last moved and how much it was worth at that time. By crunching this data, on-chain metrics can reveal hidden patterns about investor behavior and overall market health.

Decoding NUPL: Are Investors Taking Profits?

Think of NUPL as a thermometer for investor sentiment. It compares the total profit or loss that all Bitcoin holders are sitting on (Unrealized Profit/Loss) to the overall market value of Bitcoin. When NUPL is high, it suggests investors are making big profits and might be looking to cash out soon. This could signal a potential price peak.

On the other hand, a low NUPL indicates that investors are underwater (overall in a loss) and might be hesitant to sell. This could be a sign of an oversold market, where prices might be primed for a bounce back.

The Puell Multiple: Miner Mayhem and Market Moves

Bitcoin miners are like the gold prospectors of the digital age. They use powerful computers to solve complex puzzles and earn new Bitcoins as a reward. But miners have bills to pay, so they often sell some of their Bitcoins to cover costs. The Puell Multiple tracks how much revenue miners are generating compared to historical averages.

When miner revenue is super high (Puell Multiple in the red zone), it can indicate an overheated market where the price might be due for a correction. Conversely, low miner revenue (Puell Multiple in the green zone) suggests miners might be putting selling on hold, potentially leading to a price increase.

MVRV Z-Score: Fair Value or Frenzy?

Imagine Bitcoin is like a used car. The MVRV Z-Score helps us understand if Bitcoin is priced fairly or if the market is getting a little crazy. It compares the current market value of Bitcoin to the average price investors paid for the Bitcoins they hold (Realized Value). A high MVRV Z-Score (pink zone) suggests the market might be overvalued, while a low score (green zone) could indicate an undervaluation.

The MVRV Z-Score goes a step further by using a statistical tool called a “standard deviation” to pinpoint extreme highs and lows. This can help us identify potential market tops and bottoms with more precision.

Bonus: Advanced NVT Signal – Spotting Buying and Selling Opportunities

The Advanced NVT Signal tracks how much activity is happening on the Bitcoin network by looking at the total value of Bitcoin compared to the average daily transaction volume over the past 90 days. When activity is high (red zone), it might suggest the market is overheated and ripe for a pullback. On the other hand, low activity (green zone) could indicate a buying opportunity.

Remember: On-Chain Metrics Are Clues, Not Crystal Balls

While on-chain metrics are powerful tools, they don’t predict the future perfectly. The Bitcoin market is complex and influenced by many factors. Consider these metrics as guideposts, not guarantees. It’s always wise to do your own research and consider other factors before making any investment decisions.

By combining on-chain analysis with other investment strategies, you can gain a deeper understanding of the Bitcoin market and make more informed choices about your Bitcoin journey.

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